News on Open Science and Science 2.0 (Newsletter March / April 2020)

Around the research alliance and it’s partners

Barcamp Open Science & Open Science Conference

There  is a lot of  reporting and further material available around the Barcamp Open Sience and the Open Science Conference 2020. Here is an overview:

New publications in our projects

The project ‘Involvement of societal actors in the planning phase of large research projects’ of our partners Museum für Naturkunde Berlin – Leibniz Institute for Evolutionary and Biodiversity Research, the Leibniz Institute for the Pedagogy of Science and Mathematics, and GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences aimed at integrating questions from society into research-driven projects that will shape the structures of society as a whole in the long term. For this purpose the project held different stakeholder workshops at the Museum für Naturkunde in 2019. Read more about their lessons learned in the how-to that resulted from the project.

How can we make the shift from closed to open practice in research and education? What are incentives for researchers to apply Open Science and open educational practices, and what hinders them to do so? The alliance project OPER (Open Practices of Educational Researchers) investigates these questions. The partners have now published a study in which participants chose open scenarios for their daily research or teaching practices and tested them for six to 12 months. They wrote down their experiences with and opinions on open practices in dairies.

There are also new publications in our projects Netiquette and profile in Science 2.0 and Sharing research data in Academia.

  • Linek, S. B., Hoffmann, C., & Jaeschke, R. (2020). To follow or to unfollow: Motives for the academic use of Twitter. Proceedings of the 14th International Technology, Education and Development Conference (INTED 2020), pp. 1009 – 1018, 2nd – 4th of March, 2020, Valencia, Spain., (ISBN: 978-84-09-17939-8; ISSN: 2340-1079),
  • Linek, S. B., Fecher, B., Friesike, S., Hebing, M., & Wagner, G. G. (2020). Gender-related differences in scientific collaboration depend on working conditions. Proceedings of the 14th International Technology, Education and Development Conference (INTED 2020), pp. 999 – 1008, 2nd – 4th of March, 2020, Valencia, Spain. (ISBN: 978-84-09-17939-8; ISSN: 2340-1079).

New project: Open research profiles with Wikidata and Scholia

Our alliance partners ZB MED, Wikimedia, and Schloss Dagstuhl started a new project, in which metadata on selected publications by members of the Leibniz Research Alliance Open Science are systematically integrated into Wikidata. This enables tools such as “Scholia” to automatically generate profiles of researchers and institutions or to increase their visibility in profiles on specific topics, scientific journals, conferences, or awards. Find out more about the project.

GenR – Latest Blogposts

Innovating Peer Review of Outbreak-related Preprints

Preprints are providing a much needed space for innovation in scholarly communications and addressing outbreaks such as the coronavirus global epidemic is accelerating this process. The platform Outbreak Science Rapid PREreview adds a technology layer across preprint servers to enable a more rapid review process of outbreak-related preprints. Such a novel approach to review means that experts can add a quality filter to the flood of posted preprints. Read more on GenR.

Open Source & Innovating Publishing: PKP’s Open Preprint Systems

PKP have made their first release of the preprint server software Open Preprint Systems (OPS). Juan Pablo Alperin takes us through PKP’s vision of open-source and asks that we take a critical look at how open source software can be used to benefit a wide range of communities around the world.

Joining the Dots: Berlin Open Science Barcamp & Conference

It’s no longer the case in Open Science that you are alone and having to work out questions for the first time. What the two events showed is that there are open models being put in place that others can adopt, such as developing OER and MOOC content in a research field, or embedding social consideration in research with the RRI framework from the FIT4RRI project. Having full open research life-cycles is still to be achieved, but we are no longer working in the dark. A report from the two events which took place in March in Berlin on the last days before lockdown.

Open Science in General

Open Data Impact Award & innOsci Future Lab

innOsci is a newly founded forum for open innovation culture by the Stifterverband in Germany. The forum sees itself as a platform, think tank, and experimental space for a new, open culture of innovation and aims to bundle the discourses on it. They now announced an Open Data Impact Award (application deadline: 30 June 2020) and a programme called innOsci Future Lab (application deadline: 15 May 2020).

The COVID-19 pandemic stresses the societal importance of Open Science

The current crisis has brought about an unprecedented level of openness in scientific publishing and collaboration. “At the same time, a great deal of relevant scientific information is still behind paywalls,” Open Science experts say. Thus, the authors in this article address the question: What can the research community do to make relevant information publicly available?

Viral Open Access in Times of Global Pandemic

In recent weeks, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to numerous calls for scientific research concerning the virus and the disease to be made Open Access and freely available to the public. These calls stand in a tense relationship not only with the profit-driven approach to medical research by pharmaceutical companies, but also with the business models of the for-profit academic publishing oligopoly, dominated by a few companies making excessive profit margins that are essentially subsidized by public funds. The current pandemic makes abundantly clear that the public availability of public knowledge indeed saves lives – but it doesn’t do so only now, it always does. Vincent W.J. van Gerven Oei is giving an overview.

Embracing complexity: COVID-19 is a case for academic collaboration and co-creation

As serious as the COVID-19 pandemic is, it could be an opportunity for science, argues Benedikt Fecher in his article for Elephant in the Lab. He believes that the pandemic can be an opportunity for research to embrace complexity and to prove that things can be done better. And the good news is that it is happening right now. Researchers are sharing data and code across disciplines. John Hopkins (and other institutions) has created an online repository for data on COVID-19, with many different data sources that researchers can use. Researchers are publishing their papers on the China outbreak as fast as they can write them via preprints.

The Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak highlights serious deficiencies in scholarly communication

As research and government responses to the COVID-19 outbreak escalate in the face of a global public health crisis, Vincent Larivière, Fei Shu and Cassidy R. Sugimoto reflect on efforts to make research on this subject more widely available. Arguing that a narrow focus on research published in high ranking journals predominantly in English has impeded research efforts, they suggest that the renewed emphasis on carrying out open research on the virus presents an opportunity to reassess how research and scholarly communication systems serve the public good.

Recommendation for the responsible evaluation of a researcher in Finland

Researcher evaluation shapes and directs research. The entire research community should take responsibility for the principles and practices of researcher evaluation. The recommendation for the responsible evaluation of a researcher in Finland provides the basis for a functioning, diverse, and flourishing research community. The recommendation was accepted on 4 February 2020, by a working group set up by the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies (TSV) in October 2018.

How Academic Science Gave Its Soul to the Publishing Industry

Self-governance of science was supposed to mean freedom of inquiry, but it also ended up serving the business model of scientific publishers while undermining the goals of science policy. America’s globally preeminent university research enterprise is constructed on two bedrock principles of self-governance. The first is autonomy: academic scientists should be left free to determine their own research agendas. The second is internal accountability: the quality of academic science is best assessed by academic scientists. The commitment to scientific self-governance carries with it a policy requirement as well: support for research will mostly have to come from the federal government; companies will never make the necessary investments in undirected research because they cannot capture the economic benefits for themselves, argues  Mark W. Neff in this article.

Data, a Treasure to Be Shared

Data openness and sharing, which are becoming a necessity, could lead to new discoveries. This will require appropriate resources, as well as coordinated reflection across borders argues Jean-Baptiste Veyrieras in this article for CNRS news.

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